We are in the middle of a turnaround. The industrial civilization, based on mass production, communication, education and mass political opinion it is blowing with the final break-up of its balance. The consumerism, the plundering of natural resources and the ecosystem impairment are the signs of its decline.
Science is at the core of social production and it is the engine of industrial development. Electronics, computer science, genetic engineering, space flights and nuclear energy, are the tools of our society. This tool arises in research labs. From an industrial culture, characterized by an avalanche of goods and tools, we moved to a culture that builds its future with innovation and quality of ideas. A culture that offers more ideas and tools, new applications and new opportunities.
Today’s industry it's greening up with powerful technology injections. The new industry dematerialized with strong doses of creativity and intelligence. We reduce waste, we look at the recycling of waste, the biodegradability. The emphasis moves from quantity to quality. Slowly, but surely, the product industry it is moving from an uncritical production to the rediscovery of its function, in the search for a service (either real or abstract, but conservative) that replace the well itself. We discover, thus, new ways of producing the result that is not necessarily a product but the result of information and intelligence that will tend to replace traditional production factors (labor, capital and raw materials).
Radical changes are taking place in social production, in labor, in individual behavior. The frame of reference is changing. The community civilization moved to mass civilization, characterized by the excessive power of the media. The national economy it is moving to the global economy. The ethics of posterity it is replacing the ethics of contemporaneity. The power asserts itself with the domain of information. The information flux becomes the measure of development, as well as the GDP was in the industrial society.
The scientificity of technology comes, as a corollary, from the centrality of science. Nowadays technology develops between the research laboratory and the workshop. The science parks around the world's most prestigious universities are the meeting point of inventive ability and the manufacturing industry, where science, technology and production interpenetrate so unbreakable. New myths emerge, like Silicon Valley.
The first space travel, computers, robotics and molecular biology seemed the excellent products of an opulent society of mature capitalism, and not manifestations of a new epoch.
However, the development of society is an unending succession of discoveries. Discoveries of new resources, new ways of creating wealth. And so, distracted by the inflow of products and off welfare, we noticed that science matured a mutation which itself, and for the first time, it is drawing the design and taking the centrality.
Science, as we know, can open up the future, but it can also expose it to the risk. Of course, in addition to the benefits, there are also risks to humankind. However, the standard of living continues to improve. A sign that the benefits have far outweighed the risks.